young spa city Marianske Lazne was founded in the beginning of previous century
in the valley, where many healing springs rise from the earth. But the springs
were known to the local population already in 13 century and were tested for the
salt content in 1528 by the order of Ferdinand V. As long as at the end of 18th
century the doctor of monastery Tepla - Dr. Jan Nehr started systematic exploring
of its healing effects. He has built the first brick building called Zlata koule
(At The Golden Ball) by Krizik spring for spa guests.
Torrent of the spa guests
soon caused fast building development. In the surroundings of the Tepla monastery
a settlement called Marianske Lazne was found and declared as Public spa in 1818.
Name of Marianske Lazne is driven from the painting of Virgin Mary, which was
hung up at Krizovy spring. The beginning of 20th century came with great development
of this new place. Based on financial help of abbot Karel Kaspar Reitenberger
a gardener Mr. V. Skalnik, an architect Mr. Jiri Fischer and a builder Mr. Anton
Turner built up a picturesque park town with classicist, empirical houses, pavilions
and colonnades from inhospitable, marshy valley in-between 1817 and 1823. Genial
space layout of the town created by Mr. Skalnik is mostly preserved till today.
A lot of important persons from cultural, scientific, and political quarters had
visited the town Johann Wolfgang Goethe, prince Friedrich the Sachs, count
Kaspar Stenberk, Jons, Jakob Berzelius, Vaclav Jan Tomasek, Marie Szymanowsk
Golden age of Mariaske
Lazne between 1870 1914 is reminded by numerous historical, late 19th century
decorative style rebuilding and building of new spa houses, hotels, colonnades
and churches, made by architects as Friedrich Zickler, Josef Schaffer, Arnold
Heyman a Josef Forberich. Parks were widened and new romantic observation points
were built up. In 1872 the city gained a railway connection to Cheb, Wien, and
Prague through Plzen and in 1898 with Karlovy Vary. In this very time the most
reputable guests came to the city: G. Mahler, F. Nietzsche, F. Kafka, R. Kipling,
M. Twain, T. A. Edison, P. de Coubertin, English king Edward the VII., Russian
tsar Nicolas the 2nd, the Emperor Francis Joseph the 2nd ...
spa rush was not cooling down even in the first half of last century; and reputable
guests were still coming. Between others for example: T. G. Masaryk, E. Benes,
In 1972 building of the airport in close Sklare village widened the connection
to the world.
the 2nd world war Marianske Lazne was military hospital city. After the end of
it the further development is connected with the foundation of housing estates
and relaxation complexes. In 1952 a new ecological trolley bus transport system
was introduced. Nevertheless the city preserves its specific spa and tourist character.
Around 40.000 tourists come during the summer seasons.
a lot of house valuable from architectural and historical view were declared as
historical monumental objects: Orthodox church of St. Vladimir with a unique majolica
altar, House with the golden grape (current Town museum) from 1818, Anglican church
(1879), house White swan (current Chopin), roman-catholic Virgin Mary Assumption
(1848), evangelic church, colonnade with Krizovy spring pavilion, colonnade of
Ferdinand springs, buildings of Central spa, New spa, and public house Casino
(Josef Schaffer, between 1887 1910) and many more. Spa centre of the city
is declared as historical monumental protected zone.
The medical treatment at Marianske lazne has a long and well-known tradition.
Originally, physicians treated their patients right on the spa colonnade. Today,
experienced spa physicians and balneologists work in the health resorts. One part
of spa treatment is a preliminary medical check-up, during which a physician prescribes
a treatment programme. The treatment priority lies in the use of natural medicinal
sources in Marianske Lazne mineral baths, gas baths and gas injections.
Physicians also perform periodical and final medical checks. Laboratory tests
of blood and urine are an important part of the treatment.There is also an ECG
Very important is the drinking treatment prescribed by
a physician. The return to traditional spa treatment is the pivotal credo. Comfort,
spa atmosphere and individual care spa guests were used to this all during
the golden era. This, as well as much more, can be found in our beautiful town.